Tom's Carnivores

Nepenthes
The Interactive Guide

As with all plants, the key to successfully growing Nepenthes in cultivation is the ability to replicate the conditions of their natural habitat.

Most of the 170+ Nepenthes species are found in Southeast Asia - particularly Borneo, Sumatra, and the Philippines - and the genus ranges from highland montane plants to those inhabiting steamy lowland jungles. But their cross-fertile nature has resulted in countless unique hybrids, both in cultivation and in the wild.

This guide aims to help growers of Nepenthes estimate the requirements of specific plants. It comprises two tools: (1) a calculator which visualises the temperatures likely preferred by a given species or hybrid, and (2) an interactive list of every Nepenthes species, which can be sorted and filtered according to altitude and locale.

Happy growing!


1. The Nepenthes Calculator

Enter species (e.g. rajah):

N. x N.

Heads up! You're using an old browser, and the Nepenthes Interactive Guide may not function properly - please update your browser.

Elevation (m)Avg Day Temperature (°C)Avg Night Temperature (°C)
350016 - 224 - 12
300017 - 236 - 13
250018 - 248 - 15
200020 - 2610 - 17
150021 - 2712 - 18
100024 - 3015 - 21
50026 - 3217 - 23
029 - 3520 - 25

2. Nepenthes Species List


Spotted a mistake or omission? Click here to suggest a correction.

Heads up! You're using an old browser, and the Nepenthes Interactive Guide may not function properly - please update your browser.

NameLow (m)High (m)Region
lamii27003520New Guinea
diatas24002900Sumatra
angasanensis22002800Sumatra
densiflora17003200Sumatra
singalana20002900Sumatra
macrophylla22002642Borneo
villosa16003240Borneo
putaiguneung22702370Sumatra
lavicola20002600Sumatra
diabolica22002300Sulawesi
murudensis20002423Borneo
aristolochioides18002500Sumatra
dubia16002700Sumatra
edwardsiana16002700Borneo
talangensis18002500Sumatra
lowii16502600Borneo
maryae20502150Sulawesi
nigra15002700Sulawesi
rajah15002650Borneo
inermis15002600Sumatra
muluensis17002400Borneo
monticola14002620New Guinea
flava18002200Sumatra
spathulata11002900Java, Sumatra
hamata14002500Sulawesi
jacquelineae17002200Sumatra
jamban18002100Sumatra
kitanglad18002100Philippines
mikei11002800Sumatra
sumagaya16002247Philippines
lingulata17002100Sumatra
ovata17002100Sumatra
pantaronensis16002200Philippines
alba16002187Peninsular Malaysia
mantalingajanensis17002085Philippines
bongso10002700Sumatra
glabrata16002100Sulawesi
pectinata9502750Sumatra
xiphioides18001900Sumatra
mollis13002400Borneo
alzapan17501850Philippines
izumiae17001900Sumatra
rhombicaulis16002000Sumatra
robcantleyi17501850Philippines
spectabilis14002200Sumatra
undulatifolia17501850Sulawesi
fractiflexa14002150Borneo
copelandii11002400Philippines
naga15002000Sumatra
barcelonae15001905Philippines
gracillima14002000Peninsular Malaysia
gymnamphora6002800Java, Sumatra
stenophylla8002600Borneo
gantungensis16001784Philippines
ceciliae15001880Philippines
zygon15001875Philippines
petiolata14501900Philippines
argentii14001900Philippines
ephippiata13002000Borneo
zakriana8002500Borneo
pilosa15501650Borneo
pitopangii14001800Sulawesi
nebularum14001800Philippines
attenboroughii14501726Philippines
mira15501605Philippines
appendiculata14501700Borneo
burkei11002000Philippines
pulchra13001800Philippines
macfarlanei9002150Peninsular Malaysia
boschiana12001800Borneo
burbidgeae12001800Borneo
eymae10002000Sulawesi
ventricosa10002000Philippines
fusca14001600Borneo
tentaculata4002550Borneo, Sulawesi
adrianii9502000Java
klossii9302000New Guinea
tboli14131513Philippines
paniculata14101510New Guinea
chaniana11001800Borneo
ramispina9002000Peninsular Malaysia
taminii9001950Sumatra
glandulifera11001700Borneo
hamiguitanensis12001600Philippines
leonardoi13001490Philippines
pantaronensis13401440Philippines
sibuyanensis12501500Philippines
micramphora11001635Philippines
minima10001700Sulawesi
maxima402600Maluku Islands, New Guinea, Sulawesi
justinae10001620Philippines
rigidifolia10001600Sumatra
negros12501350Philippines
peltata8651635Philippines
vogelii10001500Borneo
deaniana11801296Philippines
junghuhnii11701270Sumatra
aenigma11501250Philippines
pudica11001300Borneo
longiptera7501600Sumatra
palawanensis11001236Philippines
platychila9001400Borneo
alata5501650Philippines
dactylifera3001900Borneo
reinwardtiana02200Borneo, Sumatra
tenuis10001200Sumatra
tobaica3801800Sumatra
ampullaria02100Borneo, Maluku Islands, New Guinea, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Sumatra, Thailand
sanguinea3001800Peninsular Malaysia, Thailand
latiffiana10001100Peninsular Malaysia
ramos6701400Philippines
cabanae10001050Philippines
cornuta9501050Philippines
epiphytica9501050Borneo
faizaliana4001600Borneo
khasiana5001500India
surigaoensis8001200Philippines
talaandig9501050Philippines
harauensis7001300Sumatra
malimumuensis9701020Philippines
manobo9701020Philippines
bokorensis8001080Cambodia
domei8501000Peninsular Malaysia
adnata6001200Sumatra
leyte850950Philippines
malayensis8001000Peninsular Malaysia
erucoides800929Philippines
eustachya01600Sumatra
veitchii01600Borneo
cid720820Philippines
saranganiensis700800Philippines
benstonei1501350Peninsular Malaysia
macrovulgaris3001200Borneo
mapuluensis700800Borneo
mirabilis01500Australia, Borneo, Cambodia, Java, Laos, Maluku Islands, New Guinea, Peninsular Malaysia, Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand, Vietnam & more
smilesii01500Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, Vietnam
truncata01500Philippines
bracteosa710760Thailand
weda4151014Maluku Islands
clipeata600800Borneo
holdenii600800Cambodia
longifolia3001100Sumatra
mindanaoensis01400Philippines
neoguineensis01400New Guinea
armin500850Philippines
abgracilis620720Philippines
hirsuta2001100Borneo
krabiensis600700Thailand
papuana01300New Guinea
graciliflora01280Philippines
rafflesiana01200Borneo, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Sumatra
halmahera01200Maluku Islands
albomarginata01100Borneo, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra
gracilis01100Borneo, Cambodia, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Sulawesi, Sumatra, Thailand
merrilliana01100Philippines
pervillei350750Seychelles
thai500600Thailand
rosea450520Thailand
chang300600Thailand
hispida100800Borneo
kerrii400500Thailand
insignis0850New Guinea
vieillardii0850New Caledonia
beccariana0800Sumatra
bellii0800Philippines
extincta350450Philippines
sumatrana0800Sumatra
bicalcarata0700Borneo
distillatoria0700Sri Lanka
hirtella325375Thailand
kampotiana0600Cambodia, Thailand, Vietnam
philippinensis0600Philippines
samar0600Philippines
alfedoi160345Philippines
madagascariensis0500Madagascar
northiana0500Borneo
tomoriana0500Sulawesi
campanulata100300Borneo, Philippines
masoalensis0400Madagascar
ultra0400Philippines
danseri0320Maluku Islands
hemsleyana0200Borneo
suratensis0200Thailand
thorelii0200Vietnam
rowaniae080Australia
tenax080Australia
treubiana080New Guinea
viridis050Philippines
parvula050Australia
abalata050Philippines
andamana050Thailand
kongkandana050Thailand
biak050New Guinea
orbiculata050Thailand
tayninhensis050Vietnam
misoolensis050New Guinea

Looking to buy a tropical pitcher plant?

You can buy healthy Nepenthes right here on Tom’s Carnivores. I offer discounts on plant collections, and also sell accessories like ready-made Nepenthes compost and Besgrow Spagmoss from New Zealand.

Plants bought from specialist nurseries tend to be much stronger than those from hardware / DIY stores. You’ll also get better advice on successful cultivation, and you’ll be supporting a small business!

Still want to learn more?

If you’re interested in learning about general Nepenthes cultivation, such as soil preferences, light levels, and water, I recommend you check out my Complete Guide to Tropical Pitcher Plants.

I’d also highly recommend the following resources:

Top photo: Nepenthes villosa, by Brad Wilson.

Happy growing!